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Trekking in Nepal – Overview

Nepal sits slap bang in the middle of the Himalayan range and is home to eight of the ten

highest mountain peaks in the world, including Mount Everest (which shares a border with Tibet in the North as well)! Amazingly, the Himalayan range, which crosses four other countries – Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China – has over one hundred mountains that exceed 7,200 meters (23,600 feet). To put this in perspective, the highest mountain outside of Asia is Aconcagua, which sits at 6,961 meters (22,838 feet) in the South American Andes. The sheer height and magnificence of the Himalayas is attributed to the continental collision, uplift and folding of the Indo-Australian Plate with the Eurasian Plate, which is thought to have occurred around 50 million years ago. The Himalayan range is bordered by the Karakoram and Hindu Kush ranges in the North-west, the Tibetan Plateau in the North, and the Indo-Gangetic Plain in the South. Nepal’s position, in the middle of the Himalayas, make it one of the world’s most sort after trekking and climbing destinations. In fact, trekking and climbing is one of the most popular activities in Nepal and a major attraction for tourism, and driver for economic activity in the country. Over 240 mountain peaks in Nepal breach the 6,000 meter mark (~20,000 feet) – the highest mountain in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro, is 5,895 meters. Thirty-three mountain peaks in Nepal, with heights ranging from 5,650 meters to 6,500 meters, are classified as ‘trekking peaks’. Although as many as 15 require some, if not a lot, of climbing experience.
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