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Before Ayutthaya, there was Sukhothai. Established in the 13th century, this was the first
capital of Siam. Its name means “Dawn of Happiness,” and it’s said to represent a golden age in Thai civilization.
During the Sukhothai kingdom, the Thai alphabet and Theravada Buddhism were introduced. Art and architecture also flourished, as did trade. After two centuries of rule, this great empire eventually declined and became part of Ayutthaya. Read more: https://www.goatsontheroad.com/places-to-visit-in-thailand/